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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Urticaceae | Boehmeria

Boehmeria macrophylla D. Don


Description from Flora of China

Subshrubs or herbs perennial, 1-2(-3.5) m tall; upper stems strigose. Dioecious or monoecious. Leaves opposite, unequal in size; stipules lanceolate, 8-10 mm; petiole 0.8-8 cm, pubescent; leaf blade ovate, suborbicular, elliptic-ovate, or sublanceolate, 6-18 × 3-12 cm, membranous, herbaceous, or rarely papery, secondary veins 2 or 3 pairs along midvein, abaxial surface rugulose, sparsely strigose or patent pubescent along veins, adaxial surface strigose, base rounded or subcordate, sometimes oblique, margin serrulate or denticulate, teeth 2-5 mm, apex acuminate or abruptly cuspidate. Glomerules unisexual, on long spikelike branches, these erect or pendent, usually unbranched, but sometimes with short or long lateral branches from base, glomerules separated or sometimes densely congested; female ones in distal axils, 7-20 cm. Male flowers 4-merous, sessile; perianth lobes ca. 1.5 mm, sparsely puberulent, connate at base; rudimentary ovule ellipsoid, ca. 0.4 mm. Fruiting perianth tube ellipsoid, compressed, ca. 1 mm, smooth, strigose on shoulder, apex 2-toothed. Fl. Jun-Sep, fr. Sep-Jan.

The species as a whole is characterized by the opposite leaves, spikelike inflorescences, and fruiting perianth with a rounded base. The varieties are very distinctive and their status needs more detailed assessment.

The fibers are used to make ropes.

Forests, forest margins, thickets, along streams, roadsides; 100-3000 m. N Guangdong, N and W Guangxi, Guizhou, S Xizang, Yunnan, SE Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].


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