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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Actephila

Actephila merrilliana Chun


Description from Flora of China

Actephila inopinata Croizat.

Shrubs, 1-2 m tall; branchlets sparsely pubescent, glabrescent, lenticellate. Stipules triangular-lanceolate, 1-2 mm, brown, abaxially puberulent; petiole 10-40 mm, puberulent; leaf blade oblong-elliptic or obovate-lanceolate, 7-20 × 2-5.5 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially paler, glabrous, adaxially glossy, base cuneate or broadly so, apex obtuse; midrib elevated on both surfaces, lateral veins 6-10 pairs, delicate, obliquely ascendant, anastomosing near margin. Inflorescences with 1 to few male and/or 1 female flowers. Male flowers: pedicels 1-8 mm; sepals 5, broadly ovate, ca. 3 × 2 mm; petals 5, 5-9 mm in diam., spatulate or linear, smaller than sepals, entire; stamens 5, distinct; pistillode apex 2- or 3-lobed. Female flowers: pedicels 2-4 cm, delicate; sepals 5, obovate or oblong-obovate, 5-6 × 2-5 mm, yellow-green, membranous, with 4-5 longitudinal striations; petals 5, linear or lanceolate, 0.8-1.2 mm, ca. 1.5 cm in diam.; disk annular, thickened, entire; ovary ovate, smooth and glabrous; styles 3, bifid. Fruiting pedicel to 5 cm; sepals persistent; capsules oblate-spherical, ca. 2 cm in diam., exocarp brown, glabrous, crustaceous, endocarp yellow-white. Seeds 3-angled, ca. 10 mm. Fl. Apr-Oct, fr. Jul-Dec.

● Slopes, valleys, scrub; 300-800 m. Guangdong, Hainan.


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