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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Vitaceae | Ampelopsis

Ampelopsis cantoniensis (Hook. et Arn.) Planch.


Description from Flora of China

Cissus cantoniensis Hooker & Arnott, Bot. Beechey Voy. 175. 1833; Ampelopsis leeoides (Maximowicz) Planchon; Leea theifera H. Léveillé; Vitis cantoniensis (Hooker & Arnott) Seemann; V. leeoides Maximowicz (1874), not J. H. Veitch (1904); V. multijugata H. Léveillé & Vaniot.

Branchlets terete, with longitudinal ridges, ± pubescent when young; tendrils bifurcate. Leaves bipinnate, or pinnate on upper branches, basal pinnae of bipinnate leaves usually 3-foliolate; petiole 2-8 cm; central petiolule 1-3 cm, lateral petiolules absent to 2.5 cm, sparsely pubescent when young, then glabrescent; leaflets ovate, ovate-elliptic, or oblong, 3-11 × 1.5-6 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent on veins, then glabrescent, lateral veins 4-7 pairs, veinlets conspicuous but not raised, base truncate, apex acute, acuminate, or cuspidate. Inflorescence corymbose, terminal or leaf-opposed; rachis pubescent; peduncle 2-4 cm, ± sparsely pubescent. Pedicel 1-3 mm, nearly glabrous. Buds oval, 2-3 mm, apex rounded. Calyx glabrous. Petals ovate-elliptic, 1.7-2.7 mm, glabrous. Anthers ovoid-elliptic. Lower part of ovary adnate to disk. Berry globose, 6-8 mm in diam., 2-4-seeded. Seeds obovoid, chalazal knot elliptic, raphe raised, surface with ribs, ventral holes inconspicuous and retuse. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Aug-Nov.

The leaflets vary greatly in size and shape, even on the same individual.

The intended new combination"Ampelopsis cantoniensis var. lecoides" [sic] (F. Y. Lu, Fl. Taiwan 3: 667. 1977) was not validly published because no full and direct reference was given to the author and place of valid publication of the basionym, Vitis leeoides Maximowicz (Vienna Code, Art. 33.4).

Forests or shrublands in valleys; 100-900 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam].


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