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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Araliaceae | Aralia

Aralia echinocaulis Hand.-Mazz.


Description from Flora of China

Trees, small, or shrubs, 2-10 m tall, andromonoecious. Branches with dense, brownish, slender needlelike prickles 5-20 mm. Leaves 2-pinnately compound, with a pair of accessory leaflets at each division of rachis; petiole 30-44 cm, usually unarmed; petiolules 3(-10) mm; leaflets 5-9 per pinna, oblong-ovate to lanceolate, 6-14.5 × 2.5-8 cm, membranous to papery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially glaucous, secondary veins 6-9 pairs, prominent on both surfaces, tertiary veins subconspicuous abaxially, slightly impressed adaxially, base rounded to obtuse, margin serrate, apex acuminate. Inflorescence a terminal panicle of umbels, glabrous, unarmed; primary axis to ca. 40 cm; secondary axes 10-20 cm; ultimate axes with a terminal umbel of bisexual flowers and 1 to several lateral umbels of male flowers; bracts narrowly triangular to lanceolate, ca. 4 mm; umbels 12-25(-30)-flowered; pedicels 1-2 cm, furfuraceous. Ovary 5-carpellate; styles 5, free. Fruit globose to subglobose, 3.5-4.5 mm in diam.; styles persistent, radiating. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Sep-Nov.

● Forests, roadsides, thickets, rocky cliffs; 200-1600 m. Anhui (Huang Shan), Fujian, Guangdong (Lechang, Lianshan, Yingde), Guangxi, Guizhou (Fanjing Shan), Hubei (Badong), Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan (Jingdong), Zhejiang (Changhua, Tianmu Shan).


Related Objects  

Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image File (Jipei Yue)
  • Image/JPEG

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