Description from Flora of China
Panax fragrans Roxburgh ex Candolle, Prodr. 4: 254. 1830; Heteropanax fragrans var. attenuatus C. B. Clarke; H. fragrans var. ferrugineus Y. F. Deng; H. fragrans var. subcordatus C. B. Clarke.
Trees, to 30 m tall. Leaves 3-5-pinnately compound, 50-100 cm; petiole 15-450 cm, glabrous; leaflets opposite, subsessile or with petiolules to ca. 1 cm, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, (3-)5.5-13 × (1.5-)3.5-6 cm, papery, both surfaces glabrous, lateral veins 6-10 pairs, distinct on both surfaces, base cuneate to rounded, margin entire, minutely revolute, apex shortly acuminate. Inflorescence densely ferruginous stellate tomentose, glabrescent; primary axis to 30 cm or more; secondary axes to 40 cm; peduncles to 9 cm; umbels of bisexual flowers 2-2.5 cm in diam., umbels of male flowers 1-1.5 cm in diam.; pedicels 4-8 mm, elongating in fruit. Fruit ovoid-globose to oblate or slightly didymous, weakly compressed laterally, 5-7 × 3-5 mm at maturity, 2-3 mm thick; styles persistent, ca. 2 mm; pedicels ca. 8 mm. Fl. Oct-Dec, fr. Feb-Apr.
This species is used medicinally and for timber.
Hills, forests in valleys, or cultivated in gardens, near sea level to 1000 m. S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, SE Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].