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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Apiaceae | Bupleurum

Bupleurum marginatum Wall. ex DC.


Description from Flora of China

Plants 25–120 cm high, perennial. Taproot stout, woody, branched. Stem rigid, base woody, usually tinged purple, without fibrous remnant sheaths. Leaves long-lanceolate to linear, 10–16 × 0.6–1.4 cm, thinly coriaceous, nerves 9–13, base tapering and clasping, margin conspicuously white-cartilaginous, apex acute or acuminate, apiculate. Upper leaves small. Inflorescence much-branched, umbels numerous, 1.5–4 cm across, lateral umbels often overtopping the terminal; bracts 2–5, lanceolate or squamose, 1–4 × 0.2–1 mm, unequal; rays 3–4(–7), 1–3 cm, unequal; bracteoles 5, lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 × 0.5–1 mm, shorter than pedicels, apex apiculate, margin white-scarious; umbellules 4–9 mm across, (6–)8–10(–12)-flowered. Petals pale yellow. Stylopodium low-conic, dark yellow. Fruit oblong, brown, 3.5–4.5 × 1.8–2.2 mm; ribs prominent; vittae 3 in each furrow, 4 on commissure. Fl. Jun–Sep, fr. Sep–Nov. n = 12*.

The root is widely used as a substitute for the Chinese medicine “chai hu.”

Forests, alpine forests, mountain slopes, grasslands, river banks, roadsides; 700–4000 m. S Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim].


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