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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Gentianaceae | Gentiana

Gentiana oreodoxa H. Smith


Description from Flora of China

Gentiana sinoornata I. B. Balfour var. punctata C. Mar-quand.

Perennials 3-5 cm tall. Stems ascending, simple, glabrous, with several shoots not flowering. Basal rosette leaves poorly developed; leaf blade lanceolate to linear-elliptic, 0.8-2.5 cm × 2-2.5 mm, base connate for 2-4 mm, margin smooth or scabrous, apex acuminate, midvein distinct. Stem leaves incurved, larger and more crowded toward apex, uppermost surrounding calyx; leaf blade 0.8-1.5 cm × 0.8-1.5 (-2) mm, base obtuse and connate for 2-3 mm, margin smooth, apex acuminate, midvein distinct. Flowers terminal, solitary, sessile. Calyx tube narrowly obconic, 5-7 mm; lobes green, linear, 6-13 mm, margin smooth or scabrous, apex acuminate, midvein distinct. Corolla pale blue, with pale yellow-white base and dark blue streaks and spots, obconic, 3-3.8(-4.5) cm; lobes ovate-triangular, 3-4 mm, margin entire, apex obtuse and mucronate; plicae ovate, 1.5-2 mm, margin denticulate, apex obtuse. Stamens inserted just below middle of corolla tube; filaments 8-10 mm; anthers narrowly ellipsoid, 2.5-3 mm. Style 2-3.5 mm; stigma lobes linear. Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.5-1.7 cm; gynophore to 2.5 cm. Seeds light brown, ellipsoid, 1-1.2 mm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct.

Grassland slopes, alpine meadows; 3000-4900 m. SE Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, NE Myanmar].


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