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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Poaceae | Muhlenbergia

Muhlenbergia japonica Steud.


Description from Flora of China

Plants usually without rhizomes or rarely with short rhizomes. Culms usually decumbent at base and rooting at nodes, 15–50 cm tall, ca. 1 mm thick. Leaf sheaths glabrous, usually shorter than internodes; leaf blades narrowly lanceolate, flat, 2–9.5 × 0.15–0.4 cm, scabrid on both surfaces and margins, apex acuminate; ligule 0.2–0.4 mm, ciliate. Panicle 4–12 cm, narrow; branches one per node, scabrid, with many spikelets near base. Spikelets lanceolate, 2.5–3 mm, purplish gray-green, mottled dark gray; glumes 1.5–2.2 mm, membranous, scabrid, 1-veined, apex acute; lower glume 1.5–2 mm, upper glume 2–2.2 mm; lemma 2.5–3 mm, lower 1/4 of back pubescent, otherwise glabrous or scaberulous; awn 5–9 mm, slender, purplish, scabrid. Anthers ca. 0.6 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun–Nov. 2n = 40.

Moist ground of river banks, around margins of shrubs; 1400–3000 m. Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan].


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