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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Arecaceae | Caryota

Caryota mitis Lour.


Description from Flora of China

Caryota furfuracea Blume; C. griffithii Beccari; C. griffithii var. selebica Beccari; C. javanica Zippelius ex Miquel; C. minor Wallich; C. nana Linden; C. propinqua Blume; C. sobolifera Wallich; C. speciosa Linden; Drymophloeus zippellii Hasskarl; Thuessinkia speciosa Korthals.

Stems clustered, to 10 m tall, 8-20 cm in diam., columnar. Leaves borne along upper half of stem; petioles 80-200 cm; rachis 2-2.8 m; primary pinnae 9-23 per side of rachis; secondary pinnae 10-20 per side of secondary rachis, with jagged margins and elongate apices. Inflorescences borne among or below leaves, to 85 cm; rachillae 20-60, 25-65 cm; male flowers to 10 mm; sepals ca. 3 mm; petals purple to maroon, 12-15 mm; stamens 12-24; female flowers to 5 mm; sepals ca. 3 mm; petals 4-5 mm. Fruits purple-black or reddish, globose, to 2 cm in diam.

This species is widely planted as an ornamental.

Lowland rain forests, secondary forests, disturbed areas, and often cultivated; below 1000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indonesia (Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam].


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