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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Liliaceae | Fritillaria

Fritillaria monantha Migo


Description from Flora of China

Fritillaria guizhouensis Y. K. Yang et al.; F. huangshanensis Y. K. Yang & C. J. Wu; F. huangshanensis f. tonglingensis (S. C. Chen & S. F. Yin) Y. K. Yang & Y. H. Zhang; F. hupehensis P. K. Hsiao & K. C. Hsia; F. lichuanensis P. Li & C. P. Yang; F. monantha var. ningguoica Y. K. Yang & M. M. Fang; F. monantha var. tonglingensis S. C. Chen & S. F. Yin; F. ningguoensis S. C. Chen & S. F. Yin; F. puqiensis G. D. Yu & C. Y. Chen; F. qimenensis D. C. Zhang & J. Z. Shao; F. thunbergii Miquel var. puqiensis (G. D. Yu & C. Y. Chen) P. K. Hsiao & S. C. Yu; F. wanjiangensis Y. K. Yang et al.

Bulb of 2 or 3 scales, 1.2--2 cm in diam. Stem 20--60(--100) cm. Leaves opposite, whorled, and alternate; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, 5--12 × 1.5--3 cm, apex slightly cirrose. Inflorescence 1(--4)-flowered; bracts (1--)3, apex often slightly or strongly cirrose. Flower nodding, tubular-campanulate; pedicel 1--3.5 cm or more. Tepals greenish yellow to pale purple, tessellated or spotted with yellowish brown or dark purple, sometimes very heavily so, oblong-obovate to oblong, 3.5--5 × 1--2 cm, apex obtuse; nectaries projecting abaxially. Stamens ca. 2 mm; filaments glabrous or slightly papillose. Style 3-lobed; lobes 3--8 mm. Capsule broadly winged; wings 6--8 mm wide. Fl. Apr--Jun, fr. Jun--Jul. 2 n = 24*.

The bulbs are used medicinally.

* Forests, moist places on limestone hills, flood lands; 100--1600 m. Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang.


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