Description from Flora of China
Trees to 20 m tall; branchlets and petioles sometimes ± white farinose when dry. Petiole 1.5-2.5 cm; leaf blade elliptic, obovate-elliptic, ovate, or rarely narrowly elliptic, 8-18 × 3-8 cm, papery to subleathery, concolorous to ± glaucous abaxially, base cuneate to broadly so, margin entire, apex acuminate to acute; secondary veins 8-11 on each side of midvein, obscure near margin; tertiary veins abaxially slender, evident, lax, reddish to yellowish brown when dry. Male inflorescences in a panicle, rarely solitary, to 25 cm. Female and androgynous inflorescences usually 2-6 congested at apex of branches, spiciform, to 35 cm; rachis sparsely pubescent; cupules in clusters of 3-5. Infructescences to 30 cm; rachis slender, rarely over 5 mm thick. Cupule plate-shaped, 0.8-1.5 cm in diam., covering base of nut, outside glabrous, wall 0.5-1 mm thick and woody basally; bracts imbricate but basal ones connate into concentric rings, triangular, appressed. Nut broadly conical, subglobose, or rarely depressed globose, 0.8-1.5 × 1.2-2 cm, glabrous or often ± white farinose, wall 0.2-0.5 mm thick; scar ca. 1.1 cm in diam., concave. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Apr-Oct of following year.
Specimens reported from China as the Indian Lithocarpus polystachyus (Wallich ex A. de Candolle) Rehder are referable to L. litseifolius var. litseifolius.
Broad-leaved evergreen forests, dense forests; 500-2500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Laos, NE Myanmar, N Vietnam]