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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Urticaceae | Pouzolzia

4. Pouzolzia zeylanica (Linnaeus) Bennett, Pl. Jav. Rar. 67. 1838.

雾水葛 wu shui ge

Description from Flora of China

Herbs perennial, erect or ascending, rarely prostrate, almost simple or few branched at base, 12-40 cm tall; rootstock often tuberous; branches sometimes with short branchlets, strigillose. Leaves often opposite, sometimes alternate on lower or upper stems; stipules triangular, 2-6 mm; petiole 0.2-1.8 cm; leaf blade ovate or broadly ovate, lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, usually 1.2-9 × (0.6-)0.8-3 cm, smallest ones on short branchlets, herbaceous, secondary vein 1 or 2 pairs, abaxial surface sparsely or sometimes densely strigillose or strigose along veins, adaxial surface glabrous or sparsely strigillose; base cuneate to rounded, rarely subcordate, margin entire, apex subobtuse, acuminate, or shortly so. Glomerules often bisexual, 2.5-5 mm in diam., bisexual ones in nodes of proximal leaves, female in distal axils; bracts triangular, 2-3 mm, ciliate. Male flowers: perianth lobes 4, narrowly oblong or oblong-oblanceolate, connate to middle, 1.2-1.5 mm, puberulent, apex acute or cuspidate. Female perianth tube ellipsoid or rhombic, 0.8-1 mm, 1.5-1.8 mm in fruit, puberulent, inconspicuously ca. 9-ribbed or 4-winged, apex 2-toothed. Achenes white, light to dark yellow or light brown, ovoid, 1-1.2 mm. Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Aug-Oct.

Grasslands, thickets by streams, wet places, sunny and somewhat moist places by rice fields; 100-800(-1300) m. S Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, E and S Yunnan, W Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Japan, Kashmir, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Maldives, Polynesia, Yemen (Socotra); introduced in Africa and the New World].


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