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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

43. Ficus neriifolia Smith in Rees, Cycl. 14: Ficus no. 21. 1810.

森林榕 sen lin rong

Description from Flora of China

Ficus fieldingii Miquel; F. gemella Wallich ex Miquel; F. nemoralis Wallich ex Miquel; F. nemoralis var. fieldingii (Miquel) King; F. nemoralis var. gemella (Wallich ex Miquel) King; F. nemoralis var. trilepis (Miquel) King; F. neriifolia var. fieldingii (Miquel) Corner; F. neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wallich ex Miquel) Corner; F. neriifolia var. trilepis (Miquel) Corner; F. trilepis Miquel; F. wardii C. E. C. Fischer.

Trees, to 15 m tall. Bark dark gray, smooth. Branchlets green to pale green, leaf traces and stipular scars conspicuous. Stipules lanceolate, glabrous. Petiole 1-4 cm; leaf blade elliptic, ovate, ovate-elliptic, or ovate-lanceolate, ± asymmetric, 8-18 × 3-6.5 cm, ± leathery, both surfaces glabrous and green, abaxially densely covered with cystoliths, adaxially smooth, base cuneate to rounded, margin entire, apex acuminate to caudate; basal lateral veins very short, secondary veins 7-15 on each side of midvein, and at about 90° to midvein, reticulate veins parallel to secondary veins. Figs axillary on leafy or older leafless branches, paired, narrowly cylindric, ovoid, ± globose, or globose, 8-10 cm in diam., carpodermis thick or thin and with or without stone cells, inside without bristles, apical pore navel-like, sessile; involucral bracts ovate, connate at base. Male flowers: many, pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4, ovate-lanceolate; stamens 2 or 3. Gall flowers: few; ovary ovoid; style ± lateral, short. Female and gall flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4; female flowers: ovary globose; style thin. Achenes smooth. Fl. and fr. Oct-Apr.

Broad-leaved evergreen forests; 1700-2900 m. Xizang (Mêdog), W Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim].


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