3. Dicranoweisia indica (Wils.) Paris, Index Bryol. 341. 1896; Weissia indica Wils., Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 9: 291. 1857.
Holomitrium indicum (Wils.) Mitt., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. Suppl. 1: 24. 1859. Leptotrichum indicum Wils. ex Paris, Index Bryol. 341. 1896.
Plants small, up to 1.5 cm high, dull green to yellowish or dark brown, in dense tufts. Stems erect or ascending, often simple, incurved or curled when dry. Leaves up to 5 mm long, oblong-ovate at the base, gradually tapered to canaliculate, incurved subulate tips, often acute; margins entire, incurved above the middle, pointed with a single cell; costa brownish, percurrent; upper cells quadrate to shortly rectangular, 6–11 µm × 6–7 µm, somewhat thick-walled, with single marginal row near the apex; basal cells rectangular, 40–50 µm × 6–9 µm, slightly wider near costa, narrower close to margins; alar cells quadrate, deep brownish, not extending close to costa. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves erect, not clearly differentiated, similar to the upper stem leaves with longer sheathing base. Setae straight, brownish, ca. 10 mm long; capsules ovoid to shortly cylindric, brown, wider at the base, urns ca. 2.0 mm × 0.5 mm. Spores not seen.
Syntypes. India: Sikkim, J. D. Hooker 28b, 42 pp.
Chinese specimens examined: SHAANXI: Taibei Shan (Mt.), Z.-P. Wei 2319 (IFSBH). SICHUAN: Omei Shan (Mt.), C. Gao 18801 (IFSBH). XIZANG: Mi-lin Co., Y.-G. Su 5243 (IFSBH, KUN). YUNNAN: Gong-shan Co., M.-Z. Wang 9474(a) (IFSBH, PE).
Habitat: on soil, rocks, rarely on bases of trees in forests; Distribution: China and India.
Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 97, figs. 1–5).