14. Dicranum kashmirense Broth., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 24(2): 9. 1899.
Plants small, slender, to 1.2 cm high, deep green or brownish green, in somewhat shiny tufts. Stems reddish brown, erect, simple or dichotomously branched, densely foliate. Leaves flexuose or falcate-secund when dry, erect-patent when moist, narrowly lanceolate, up to 4.5 mm long, gradually narrowed from a somewhat sheathing base to a long, linear, canaliculate acumen; margins plane, serrulate near the apex; costa slender, brownish, occupying ca. 1/10 the leaf base width, shortly excurrent, serrate at back in the upper part of leaves; upper cells rhomboidal, 65–75 µm × 9–11 µm, slightly thick-walled; basal cells short-rectangular, 50–65 µm × 15–20 µm, thick-walled, porose, becoming elongate near the costa and at the margins; alar cells bulging out, quadrate to short-rectangular, inflated, unistratose, reddish brown at the margins, hyaline within. Dioicous. Inner perichaetial leaves with a high convolute-sheathing base, abruptly narrowed to a short-pointed acumen. Setae straight, 2.0–2.5 cm long, reddish brown, twisted when dry; capsules erect to slightly inclined, short-cylindric, 2.0–2.5 mm × 1.0 mm, reddish brown; opercula erect, long-rostrate, ca. 1.7 mm long; peristome teeth reddish brown, ca. 0.5 mm long, divided to the middle, papillose at the tips, vertically striolate at base. Calyptrae cucullate, entire at the base. Spores 16–20 µm in diameter, brownish, papillose.
Type. India: Kashmir, Duthie 14429.
Chinese specimens examined: GUANGXI: Shang-si Co., C. Gao 2005 (IFSBH). HUNAN: Yunschan, Handel-Mazzetti 12001 (H). SICHUAN: Ning-yuen, Handel-Mazzetti 1407 (H).
Habitat: on bases of trees; Distribution: China and India.
Illustrations: Pl. 43, figs. 1–6.