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Moss China | Family List | Moss China V. 1 | Dicranaceae | Orthodicranum

2. Orthodicranum montanum (Hedw.) Loeske, Stud. Morph. Syst. Laubm. 85. 1910; Dicranum montanum Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 143. 1801.


Plants usually very small, 5–10 mm high, sometimes up to 3 cm high, green to dark green or yellowish brown, in dense, compact tufts. Stems short, erect, weakly branched, radiculose below, usually producing numerous small branchlets with minute, crispate leaves near the apex. Leaves 1–3 mm long, strongly crispate when dry, flexuose when moist, narrowly lanceolate, gradually narrowed to a slightly concave acumen, not subtubulose, blunt or narrowly obtuse at the apex; margins slightly incurved, serrulate in the upper part, sometimes bistratose; costa percurrent to shortly excurrent; upper cells quadrate to subquadrate, 8–12 µm wide, obscure, thick-walled, mammillose on the dorsal surface; lower cells elongate, rectangular or irregular, thick-walled; alar cells brownish or sometimes hyaline and not well differentiated. Setae straight, 1.0–1.5 cm long, yellowish when young, reddish when old; capsules erect or slightly curved, somewhat furrowed when dry; annuli in 1–2 rows of cells, deciduous; opercula nearly as long as the urns. Spores 13–20 µm in diameter, yellowish, finely papillose.

Type. Germany.

Chinese specimens examined: HAINAN: Bawangling (Mt.), C. Gao 3274 (IFSBH). HEIBEI: Xing-long Co., J.-X. Ji 594 (IFSBH). HEILONGJIANG: Hai-lin Co., C. Gao & G.-C. Zhang 9127 (IFSBH); Wuying, C. Gao 566 (IFSBH); Xiao Xing An Ling (Lesser Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 15a (MO), 658 (IFSBH). JILIN: An-tuo Co., C. Gao 22384 (IFSBH), C. Gao 1235 (MO); Changbai Shan (Mt.), C. Gao 7588 (IFSBH); Jiao-he Co., C. Gao 1637 (IFSBH); Lin-jiang Co., C. Gao 2784 (IFSBH); Wang-qing Co., C. Gao & G.-C. Zhang 8681 (IFSBH). NEI MONGOL: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), Ganhe, C. Gao 853 (IFSBH); Jia-ge-da Qi (Distr.), C. Gao 1295 (IFSBH); Yi-er-shi, C. Gao 3216 (MO). XIZANG: Bo-mi Co., Y.-G. Su 865c (KUN); Mi-lin Co., K.-Y. Lang 592 (IFSBH, PE); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang 143 (IFSBH, KUN).

Habitat: on rotten logs or bases of trees, rarely on rocks; Distribution: China, Korea, Japan, Russia, Europe, and North America.

Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 107, figs. 1–5).


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