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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

41. Calamintha Miller, Gard. Diet. Abridg. Edit. ed. 4, 238. 1754. Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 226. 1848; Hook. f„ Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 650. 1885; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 97. 1940 p.p.; Borissova in Komarov, Fl. URSS 21: 429. 1954; Hedge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 27: 150. 1967; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 509. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Melissa sect. Calamintha (Moench) Benth.
  • Satureja sect. Calamintha (Moench) Briquet

    Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs. Stems erect with short eglandular often retrorse hairs, leafy. Leaves not divided, petiolate, ovate-oblong, gland-dotted below, margins subentire or finely crenulate-serrulate. Inflorescence of very shortly pedunculate cymes, subverticillate, the lowermost in the upper. leaf axils, forming elongated spikes Bracts very small flowers white, pink or violet, clearly pedicellate. Calyx tubular parallel-sided, bilabiate or inconspicuously bilabiate (in ours), 13-veined; throat lightly bearded or villous within; teeth 5 slender, equal. Corolla bilabiate; upper lip short, straight, emarginate, glabrous or pilose; lower lip 3-lobed with a large median emarginate lobe; tube narrow, not annulate within. Stamens 4 included under corolla upper lip, didynamous; thecae bilocular, divergent or parallel, glabrous. Stylar branches unequal. Nutlets ovoid, scarcely trigonous, apically rounded.

    About 20 species in Europe and Asia to Japan; also in E Africa. A genus of imprecise boundaries and questionable status, close to Clinopodium, Satureja and Micromeria q.v.

    1 Corolla c. 15 mm; calyx ± erect; somewhat shrubby perennial   1 Calamintha hydaspidis
    + Corolla c. 6 mm; calyx ± pendent; small annual   2 Calamintha debilis

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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