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Pakistan | Family List | Fagaceae

Castanea Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 7. 1759. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:1174. 1879; Bailey, Stand. Cyclop. Hort. 2:681.1919; Bobrov in Kom., Fl. URSS. 5:20.1936; Hutch., Gen.Flow.Pl. 2:130.1967.

Deciduous trees, rarely shrubs. Leaves usually entire. Inflorescence a monoecious long spike, the upper flowers male; the female flowers solitary or in clusters of 3 at the base of the spike. Male flowers: perianth usually 6-lobed; stamens 8-20, exserted. Female flowers: ovary 3-6 (-7)-locular with 2 ovules in each locule; staminodes present; styles linear, as many as the number of locules. Fruit a nut, enclosed in a spiny involucre or a cupule, dehiscing by 2-4 valves; pericarp coriaceous.

A genus of 12 species, distributed in the temperate regions of N. America, Europe, N. Africa and Asia. Represented here by 1 cultivated species.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


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