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Pakistan | Family List | Ranunculaceae

1. Cimicifuga L. ex Wernischeck, Gen. Pl. 321. 1763. Syst. Ed. 12:645.1767; Mantiss. 20.1767; Amoen. Acad. 8:7, 1785; Boiss., Fl. Or. 1:96. 1867; Hook.f. & Thoms. In Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1:29. 1872; Huth in Engl., bot. Jahrb. 16:310.1893; Shipchinskii in Komarov, fl. URSS. 7:82.1937; Masygowar in J. Jap. Bot. 44:76.1970; Emura in J. Jap. Bot. 43:150.1970; Qureshi & Chaudhri in Pak. Syst. 4(1-2): 6.1988.


Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.


National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Perennials. Leaves alternate, ternately pinnate to ternate or biternate. Flowers arranged in long, simple or more often branched racemes. Perigonium formed by 4-5 small, petaloid deciduous sepals. Nectaries 0 or 4-5, with a basal nectar pit. Stamens numerous, longer than the corolla. Carpels 1-8, becoming dry, forming sessile or ± shortly stalked follicles in fruit. Mature seeds densely covered with narrowly oblong membranous scales.

A small genus of about 10(-12) species widely distributed in the Northern temperate regions of the world, mostly concentrated in Eastern and N.E. Asia. Represented in Pakistan by 1 species.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


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