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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

42. Clinopodium L., Sp. Pl. 587. 1753. L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 256. 1754; Borissova in Komarov, Fl. URSS 21: 436. 1954; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 517. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Calamintha sect. Clinopodium (L.) Benth.
  • Melissa sect. Clinopodium (L.) Benth.
  • Satureja sect. Clinopodium (L.) Briquet

    Erect or ascending perennial herbs. Stems with eglandular often retrorse hairs, leafy. Leaves ovate, crenulate to subentire, shortly petiolate. Inflorescence of distant few-to many-flowered verticillasters borne in the axils of the upper leaves. Bracts linear. Flowers white, pink or purplish, shortly pedicellate. Calyx bilabiate, curved, 13-veined; throat pilose or not; teeth prominent, long-ciliate ± upward curved, lower longer. Corolla bilabiate; upper lip short straight emarginate, pilose; lower lip 3-lobed median entire or emarginate; tube not annulate within. Stamens 4 included under upper lip of corolla, didynamous; thecae 2-locular, glabrous, divergent, with a swollen connective. Stylar branches markedly unequal. Nutlets ovoid to obovoid, smooth, scarcely trigonous, apically rounded.

    A Mediterranean-Euro-Asiatic genus most closely related to Calamintha but with curved calyces and many-flowered verticillasters.

    1 Verticillasters compact, dense; bracts 5-10 mm; corolla 12-15 mm   1 Clinopodium vulgare
    + Verticillasters ± loose; bracts 1.5-4 mm; corolla 6-9 mm   2 Clinopodium umbrosum

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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