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Pakistan | Family List | Palmae

6. Cocos L., Sp. Pl. 1188. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 495. 1754; Brandis, For. Fl. 556. 1874; Becc. & Hook. f. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:482. 1894; Brandis, Ind. Trees 648. 1906; Talbot, For. Fl. Bomb. Sind. 2:554. 1911; Benthall, Trees Calc. 448. 1946; Bailey, Man. Cult. Pl. (reprint ed.) 174. 1966; Whitmore, Palms Mal. 47. 1973.


Solitary palm, stem often curved. Leaves very long, green, pinnatisect. Leaflets narrow, apices long acuminate; petiole smooth. Inflorescence from the axil of the leaf with short prophyll and with boat-shaped woody coriaceous peduncular bract. Inflorescence 60-90 cm long, yellowish. Bracts 45-90 cm long, opening longitudinally at the time of flowering; prophyll much shorter than the large boat-shaped bract. Flowers in triads at base of rachillae, paired or solitary near tip. Male with short stalks; female in triads with 2 males, few at spike base. Stamens 6, free; ovary 3-celled, surrounded by low cupular staminodium. Fruit one seeded nut, trigonous, endocarp hard with three basal pores, endosperm oily, edible.

A monotypic genus of uncertain origin, widely cultivated especially in the coastal regions of the tropics including Pakistan.

Lower Taxon


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