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Pakistan | Family List | Colchicaceae

Colchicum Linn, Gen. Pl. ed. 5:159. 1754. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:356.1892.
[(incl. Merendera)]

Perennial. Corm covered with a brown to dark-brown coat. Roots fibrous, arising from one side of the basal part of the corm. Young leaves enclosed in leaf sheaths. Flowers 1-3, arising directly from the corm or on a very short scape. Perianth of 6 segments, united at the base of the segments to form a tube or split to the base. Stamens 6, epiphyllous. Ovary 3-celled; styles 3, free. Fruit a many-seeded capsule.

A genus of c. 100 species. Represented in Pakistan by 3 species.

1 Flowers yellow, Perianth forming a narrow tube   Colchicum luteum
+ Flowers white to purple. Perianth forming a tube or split to the base   (2)
2 (1) Perianth forming a narrow tube; segments not clawed   Colchicum kesselringii
+ Perianth split to the base; segments clawed   Colchicum aitchisonii

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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