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Pakistan | Family List | Liliaceae

2. Fritillaria L., Sp. Pl. 303. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 144. 1754; Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:176. 1882; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 352. 1892; S. Dasgupta & Deb in J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 65: 288. 1986; Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 165:61. 1990; Tamura in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 352. 1998; Xinqi & H. V. Mordak in Zhengyi & P. H. Raven, Fl. China 24: 127. 2000.

S.I. Ali


Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan

Fritillaria imperialis
Illustration

Credit: Joanna & Langhorne

Perennial herbs. Bulbs usually tunicated with few tightly packed scales which gradually become thin and scarious towards the outer side with 3-4 nut-l ike fleshy ones inside the bulb. Daughter bulbs are produced from inner scales. Foliage leaves verticillate, opposite or alternate, sessile lanceolate. Inflorescence a raceme or an umbel, often flower solitary. Flowers nodding, actinomorphic. Perianth campanulate or saucer-shaped. Tepals 6, in 2 whorls, each of outer whorl oblanceolate, obovate or elliptic, those of inner whorl often broader, gibbous, nectiferous at base, blunt. Nectaries at the base or slightly above the base of tepal. Stamens 6, epitepalous, anthers pseudobasifixed, dehiscence latrose. Ovules many, style longer than ovary, stigma trifid or trilobate. Capsule flat topped, 6-lobed or winged. Seeds many, broadly winged.

A genus with 130 species, distributed in temperate region of Northern Hemisphere; represented in Pakistan by 5 species.


1 Flowers in false umbel with the leaf-l ike floral bracts arranged in a tuft over topping the flowers   (2)
+ Flowers racemose or solitary, bracts not over-topping the flowers   (3)
       
2 (1) Flowers in shades of orange-red, nectaries 4-5 (-8) mm in diameter   4 Fritillaria imperialis
+ Flowers bright yellow, nectaries 1.5-2.5 mm in diameter   1 Fritillaria chitralensis
       
3 (1) Bracts 1-2 at the base of the pedicel   (4)
+ Bracts 3 at the base of the pedicel   (7)
       
4 (3) Filaments slightly longer than anthers   6 Fritillaria pallidiflora
+ Filaments at least twice as long as the anthers   (5)
       
5 (4) Bulbs 4-5 x 4-5 cm. Tepals 3-4 (-5) x 1.5-2.0 cm, filament 2.2 cm   7 Fritillaria raddeana
+ Bulbs upto 3.0 x 3.0 cm. Tepals 1.5 x 1.0 cm, filament 0.9-1.1 cm   (6)
       
6 (5) Capsule wingless   5 Fritillaria karelinii
+ Capsule winged   3 Fritillaria gibbosa
       
7 (3) Bulb 1-2 cm iln diameter, leaves linear with cirrhose tips   2 Fritillaria cirrhosa subsp. cirrhosa
+ Bulb 2-3 cm in diameter, leaves linear-lanceolate, tip obtuse to acute-acuminate   2 Fritillaria cirrhosa subsp. roylei

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


 

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