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11. Herminium J. E. Guettard, Hist. Acad. Sci. Paris. 1750. Mem. Math. Phys.: 374: 1754, nom. cons.


Herminium Linn., Opera Varia 251. 1758; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:128. 1890.

Small plants with roundish tuberoids. Leaves 1-2 or several, cauline or ± basal. Inflorescence dense, with many small greenish or yellowish-green, resupinate flowers. Perianth segments connivent; sepals subequal, petals sometimes longer. Labellum entire or 3-lobed or 3-5 dentate, flattish-ligulate, spurless, but sometimes ± concave at base. Column very small; anther erect, without canals, cells parallel or slightly divergent downwards; pollinia 2, sectile, with very short caudicles, attached to separate, large, sometimes brown-shining, horn-like viscid glands; stigma 2, distant, sessile, cushion-shaped or protruding; staminodes 2, sometimes strap-shaped. Ovary ± sessile, slightly twisted, apex ± bent downwards.

A genus of about 40 species, with more than half occuring in China, a few in E. Asia and one in Europe. Represented by 3 species in Pakistan, all inhabiting the, high mountains in the North of the country. Members of this genus reach the highest range in altitude among the Orchids, some as Herminium pugioniforme, grow in the N. W. Himalayan Mts. and in Nepal up to 5000 m.,appr. 1000 m below the extreme limit at which plants live (which in the Karakorum, according to R. Pampanini, La Flora del Caracorum p. 271 (Bologna 1930) is close to 5800 m.

Some gatherings mentioned in Stewart’s Catalogue as Herminium macrophyllum (D. Don) Dandy from Baltistan (Winterbottom 743! at K) and Kashmir (R. R. Stewart 9722 and H. Rich 1190! both in K) are identical with Herminium monorchis (L.) R. Br.

1 Leaf solitary, subradical, short, oblong-spathulate. Labellum entire, with 2 oval pits at the broadened base   3 Herminium pugioniforme
+ Leaves 2 or more, oblong-lanceolate to linear. Labellum ± trilobed or trifid, without 2 pits at base   (2)
2 (1) Labellum ± trilobed; side lobes shorter than the ligulate mid-lobe, divergent. Petals slightly longer than the sepals, broadened at basal part   2 Herminium monorchis
+ Labellum trifid; side-lobes longer than the small mid-lobe, linear. Petals linear, as long as dorsal sepal   1 Herminium lanceum

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
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