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Pakistan | Family List | Papaveraceae

Meconopsis Vig., Hist. Pavots Argem. 48. 1814. DC., Prodr. 1: 120. 1824; Endl. & Fenzl, Gen. Pl. 2: 856. 1837; Benth. & Hook.f.,Gen.Pl. 1: 51, 1862; Hook. f ., l.c 118; Taylor, An Account of the genus Meconopsis 1-130. 1934; Bailey, Cyclop. Hort. 2:2017. 1950; Chittenden, l.c; Cullen in Rech. f., l.c 23.

Meconopsis latifolia

Credit: Shaukat

Perennial, often prickly, simple or rarely branched, often tall and robust herbs with yellow latex. Leaves entire or lobed, radical stalked, cauline sessile or subsessile. Inflorescence solitary, racemed, pseudo-racemed or panicled. Flowers often large, showy, blue, yellow or purplish-red. Sepals 2(-4), usually caducous, valvate. Petals 4 (often varying from 5-10), free, obovate to broadly ovate. Stamens many, multiseriate; filament filiform; anthers often oblong. Carpels many, fused, superior, with unilocular, ellipsoid to subglobose ovary; ovules many on parietal placentae projecting into the ovary; style distinct, often short; stigma rays 5-6, radiating and forming a globular mass over the ovary. Capsule ovoid, oblong, clavate or cylindrical, 1-celled, dehiscing by short slits at the apex or sometimes splitting almost to the base of the fruit. Seeds many, small, rugose.

About 45 species, distributed in West Europe, India, West Pakistan, Upper Burma and West China; represented in West Pakistan by 3 species.

1 Scapes one flowered, stem not leafy (naked)   Meconopsis neglecta
+ Scapes many flowered and stem leafy   (2)
2 (1) Leaves entire or shallowly dissected; petals broadly ovate, sometimes slightly cuspidate, 3.5-3.8 cm long, 3-3.3 cm broad; capsule obconic   Meconopsis latifolia
+ Leaves pinnate or deeply dissected; petals obovate, 2-3 cm long, 2.5-3 cm broad; capsule obovate to oblong   Meconopsis aculeata

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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