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Pakistan | Family List | Sterculiaceae

Melhania Forsk., Fl.Aegypt.-Arab. 64. 1775. Benth. & Hook.f., Gen.Pl. 1:222. 1862; Masters in Hook. f.,Fl.Brit.Ind.l:372.1874; H.Wild,Fl. Zambes. 1:528.1961; Hutch.,Gen.Fl.Pl. 2:550.1967.

Herbs or subshrubs, covered with stellate hairs. Leaves simple, variously shaped, serrate-crenate. Inflorescence an axillary, few-flowered, umbellate cymes or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, yellow, rarely unfolding; bracts 3, large, variously shaped, usually longer than the sepals, enlarged and peristent in fruit. Sepals 5, united at the base. Petals 5, large, marcescent around the ovary. Stamens 5, alternating with 5, ligulate staminodes, both monadelphous at the base, anther lobes parallel. Carpels 5, syncarpous; ovary sessile, 5-loculed, each locule 1-multiovulate; style small, 5-lobed, lobes subulate, stigmatose on inner side. Capsule loculicidal, 5-loculed, locules 1-many seeded. Seeds endospermous.

A genus of about 60 species, distributed in Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia. and Australia; only 3 species are reported from Pakistan.

1 Bracts linear   Melhania ovata
+ Bracts ovate, cordate or reniform   (2)
2 (1) Bracts cordate-reniform, broader than long, slightly longer than sepals, membranous and much enlarged in fruit   Melhania denhamii
+ Bracts ovate, longer than broad, smaller than the sepals, neither membranous nor much enlarged in fruit   Melhania futteyporensis

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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