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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

37. Melissa L., Sp. Pl. 592. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 257. 1754; Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 240. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 651. 1885; Briquet in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 1, 4, 3A: 395. 1896; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 100. 1940; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 494. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

Perennial aromatic herbs. Stems erect, quadrangular, glabrous or with eglandular or glandular hairs, leafy. Leaves ovate, cordate, long-petiolate, crenate. Flowers in verticillasters borne in axils of upper leaves. Bracts present. Calyx tubular-campanulate, 13-nerved, clearly bilabiate; upper lip ± flat, shortly 3-toothed, somewhat recurved in fruit; lower lip 2-toothed; tube with or without villous hairs internally but not bearded. Corolla bilabiate; tube exserted from calyx, without an internal annulus; upper lip ± straight, emarginate; lower lip 3-lobed, spreading. Stamens 4, didynamous, included or very shortly exserted; thecae bilocular, glabrous, divergent. Stylar branches subequal. Nutlets ovoid, basally attenuate, smooth, often mucilaginous on wetting.

3 species in Europe and Asia. One species is occasionally cultivated in our area.

Lower Taxon


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