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Pakistan | Family List | Rubiaceae

28. Mussaenda L., Sp. Pl. 177. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5.82. 1754; Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 64. 1875; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 86. 1880; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 596. 1902; Bor & Raizada, Beaut. Ind. Climb. Shr. & Tr. 79. 1954; Bailey, St. Cycl. Hon. 2: 2089. 1950.


  • Belilla Adans.
  • Landia Comm. ex Juss.

    Shrub or undershrub, rarely herb, sarmentose or erect. Leaves opposite or temately whorled, ovate, petiolate; stipules interpetiolar, solitary or paired, mostly deciduous. Inflorescence terminal, corymbose, compound cyme. Flowers yellow, white or scarlet, pedicellate, bracts and bracteoles small, deciduous. Calyx-tube oblong turbinate or globose, lobes 5, deciduous, one usually enlarged into a long pedaled, petaloid, often reticulately veined leafy structure. Corolla infundibuliform, tube-silky, throat very hairy. Corolla-limbs 5. Stamens inserted on the throat or slightly below in the corolla-tube, included or subexsened, filament very short. Ovary 2-loculed, style filiform, stigma. bifid. linear, ovules numerous. Fruit a fleshy berry, generally oblong, many seeded, areolate at the top, or rarely a capsule. Seeds minute, testa reticulate.

    A genus of about 200 species, mainly distributed in the tropics of Asia, Africa and Polynesia; represented here by one cultivated species.

    Lower Taxon

    Related Synonym(s):


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