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Pakistan | Family List | Zygophyllaceae

Nitraria Linn., Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 1004. 1759. Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 1:265. 1862; Engler in Engler & Prantl, Natur. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2. 19a: 178. 1931; Bobrov in Sov. Bot. 14:19. 1946; Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 616. 1967.

Nitraria schoberi

Credit: Azmat

Erect, much branched, armed or unarmed shrubs. Leaves alternate or fasciculate, simple, entire, rarely 3-lobed at the apex, fleshy, stipulate. Inflorescence a scorpioid cyme. Flowers bisexual, sessile to subsessile, pentamerous, yellowish-green or greenish-white; disc small, fleshy. Sepals 5, free, or basally subconnate, imbricate, fleshy, persistent. Petals 5, free, concave, cucullate, without a claw, valvate. Stamens 15, inserted on disc, filaments naked at the base, anthers oblong. Carpels 3; ovary sessile, beset with long appressed silky hairs, oblong-pyramidal, 3-loculed, each locule with a solitary pendulous ovule; style simple, stigmas 3, decurrent. Fruit 1-seeded, triangular-ovoid, acuminate drupe with bony endocarp. Seed ovoid, exalbuminous; embryo straight, cotyledons linear-ovate.

A small genus of about 7 species; distributed from the Sahara and south Russia to Pakistan and eastern Siberia; 1 in south Australia.

1 Leaves entire, obtuse mucronate at the apex. Flowers sessile. Sepals and petals glabrous or glabrescent   Nitraria schoberi
+ Leaves mostly retuse or tridentate at the apex. Flowers pedicellate. Sepals and petals canescent hispid   Nitraria retusa

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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Flora of China  
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