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Pakistan | Family List | Olacaceae

Olax Linn., Sp. Pl. 34. 1753. Linn, Gen. Pl. ed. 5,20. 1754; T. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 1: 221. 1902; Brandis, Ind. Trees, 147.1906; Talbot, For. Fl. Bomb. Pres. & Sind, 1:255. 1909; Kanjilal, For. Fl. Siwal. & Jauns. For. Div. 86. 1911; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 74. 1018; Sleumer in Engler & Prantl, Pflanzenf. ed. 2, 16 b. 1935.

Trees or shrubs with branches ± angled, terete or wrinkled (in dried state), sometimes prickly. Leaves ovate, ovate-oblong, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, rarely scale-like, obtuse, retuse, mucronate to acuminate, sometimes glaucous beneath, margin ± revolute, texture thin to thick. Flowers solitary, axillary or in axillary racemes. Calyx accrescent, sometimes almost completely covering the drupe. Petals 6, rarely 5. Fertile stamens 3-5, opposite the petals; staminodes several, sometimes 2-fid and hairy at the base; anthers appendaged or not. Drupe subglobose to ± oblong.

55 species, mainly distributed in Africa and Madagascar but also in Himalayas, S.E. Asia and the Pacific islands.

Lower Taxon


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