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Pakistan | Family List | Urticaceae

Pouzolzia Gaudich. in Freyc., Voy. Bot. 503. 1826. Benth, & Hook. f., Gen.Pl.3:387. 1880; Hook.f., Fl.Brit. Ind 5:580. 1885: Hutch., Gen.Fl.Pl. 1:188. 1967.

  • Gonostegia Turcz.
  • Memorialis Buch.-Ham.

    Monoecious, rarely dioecious herbs or shrubs. Leaves 3-costate, alternate or opposite, entire; stipules free lateral, scarious or glumaceous, often persistent. Inflorescence axillary, cymose sessile clusters. Male flowers pedicellate, bracteolate; female sessile to shortly pedicelled. Calyx (3-)4-5-lobed in male flowers, lobes valvate, acute or acuminate, concave or abruptly inflexed and transversely plicate outside; tubular-ventricose, with 2-4-teeth at beaked and narrowed mouth in female flowers. Stamens as many as calyx lobes. Ovary free from calyx; style terminal, filiform, laterally villous and stigmatic, deciduous. Achenes shining, ovoid, enveloped by hardly changed or rarely winged or ribbed calyx.

    A genus of c. 50 species; distributed in tropical Asia, America, Africa and South Africa.

    Excluded Species

    Pouzolzia viminea Wedd. in DC., Prodr. 16 (1): 228.1869.

    A north and central Indian (Kumaon eastwards ) shrub with 4-partite or toothed calyx and 4 stamens has been reported from Kashmir by R.R.Stewart (Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl.W.Pak. & Kashm. 197. 1972). This report is based on M. Rashid's collection no. 29066 (RAW) from Pirkot, Poonch and Clarke’s no. 23727 A, C(K) from E.Kashmir, neither of which I have seen. I, however, agree with remarks of Parker (For. Fl.Punj. ed.3.467.1956) that this species has perhaps been misidentified or mistaken for either Villebrunea frutescens or Pilea scripta as I have noted a specimen of latter collected from Pirkot, Poonch and identified as Pouzolzi viminea (M.A.Siddiqi 29065-RAW). The occurence of this species in our area is doubtful.

    1 Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate to oblong. Flowers clusters in the axils of upper, gradually smaller, alternate leaves. Fruiting calyx 2-3 winged   Pouzolzia pentandra
    + Leaves lanceolate-rhomboid ovate or narrowly ovate-lanceolate. Flower clusters not confined to axils of upper leaves nor upper leaves becoming gradually smaller. Fruiting calyx ribbed   (2)
    2 (1) Leaves narrowly ovate-lanceolate; stipules 2-3 mm long. Calyx deeply 5 lobed in male; shallowly 4-lobed in female flowers. Stamens 5   Pouzolzia hirta
    + Leaves lanceolate-rhomboid ovate; stipules 4-5 mm long. Calyx 4-lobed in male; 4-toothed in female flowers. Stamens 4   Pouzolzia zeylanica

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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