13. Salix babylonica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1017. 1753; Brandis, Ill. Forest Fl. t. 59. 1874; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 629, 1888; R. Parker. For. Fl. Punj. ed. 3: 507. 1956; Nazarov in Kom., Fl. USSR 5: 197. 1936; Rech.f. in Tutin et al., Fl. Europ. 1: 46. 1996; A. K. Skvortsov in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 65: 28. 1969; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. Kashm. 182. 1972; A.K. Skvortsov & Edmondson in P.H. Davis, Fl. Turk. 7: 707. 1982; F. Zhenfu, Z. Shidong & A.K. Skvortsov, l.c. 186.
English: Weeping Willow.
Tree up to 40 m tall. Branches long, drooping; bark deeply fishered, grayish. Leaf stipulate, stipules obliquely lanceolate or ovate, toothed or subulate. Petiole 3-5(10) mm long. Lamina 8-16 x 0.8-1.5 cm., narrowly elliptic to linear lanceolate, serrulate, acuminate, glabrous or with sparse adpressed hairs. Catkins appearing before or with leaves, borne or short leafy stalks. Male catkin up to 2.5 cm long. Bracts ovate lanceolate, slightly hairy below. Stamens 2, free, hairy at the base. Female catkin up to 5 cm long. Flowers with one oblong gland, longer than stipe. Ovary subsessile, ovoid, glabrous, style short, stigma 2-4 parted. Capsule 3-4 mm.
Fl. Per.: February-March.
Type: Described from the Orient, Tournefort, Herb. Linn. 1158/21 (LINN).
Distribution: Native country uncertain, probably China, widely planted.
The branches are cut as fodder for cattle. The wood of the weeping willow is suitable for making cricket bats. (Parker, l.c.).