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Pakistan | Family List | Ranunculaceae | Isopyrum

Isopyrum anemonoides Kir. in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 15:135. 1842. Maxim, Tl. Tangut. 1.19, t.8, 1889; Tamura & Lauener in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28:265.1968 (Fig. 1, F,G).


Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.


National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

  • Isopyrum uniflorum Aitch. & Hemsl.
  • Paraquilegia afghanica Rech. f.
  • Paraquilegia anemonoides* (Kar. et Kir.) Schipchinskii
  • Paraquilegia kareliniana Nevski
  • Paraquilegia uniflorum Drum. et Hutch.
  • Paropyrum anemonoides (Kar. et Kir.) Ulbr.

    Perennial with a slender rootstock covered with petioles of dead leaves in the uppermost part. Stem 10-25 cm high, glabrous or with very few short hairs. Radical leaves with a long (up to 15 cm) petiole, blade biternate with cuneate, deeply bifid leaflets. Stem leaves 1-3, similar to the radical ones but shortly stalked. Pedicel upto 7 cm long. Flowers solitary, 15-18 mm in diameter. Sepals 5, ovate-elliptical, white, petaloid, with conspicuous veins. Petals 5, tubulose. Carpels 2-5, horizontally recurved in fruit, tapering towards both ends with conspicuous veins. Seeds blackish, smooth.

    Fl. Per.: June-July.

    Type: Near the spring of river Lepsa and Sarkan, in alpine & subalpine region of the Ala-Tau (LE).

    A-7 Chitral: Baroghil Pass, 13500', Stainton 2987 (RAW); B-9 Baltistan: Cho blok, 4180 m, Hartmann 549 (RAW).

    Distribution: Dzungaria-Tarbagatai and Pamir Alai region (USSR), Tienshan mountains, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, N. India and S.W. China.

    A plant of higher altitudes growing among rocks and on gravelly soil often in forests.

    The complicated synonomy of the species has been revised by Tamura & Lauener in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28:265 (1968). The type of Isopyrum uniforum Aitch. & Hemsl. (at K) shows no differences from the typical Isopyrum anemonoides Kir., so that it is reduced to synonymy.


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