HARALD RIEDL and YASIN J. NASIR
Paraquilegia grandiflora (Fisch. ex DC.) Drummond et Hutchinson
Rootstock with numerous thick, short branches, forming a dense cushion in older plants, the rootstock being covered by the remains of old petioles. Leaves usually biternate, petiole 0.5-3.5 cm long, primary leaflets shortly stalked, deeply trifid to tripartite, with entire, obovate or lobed segments, glabrous. Flowering stems very slender, lc. 2.5 cm tall with two opposite linear-lanceolate bracts above the middle. Flowers lc. 2.3 cm in diameter, white. Sepals ovate to obovate, slightly emarginate, sometimes with violet tinge on the lowerside. Petals c. 3.4 mm long, shortly unguiculate or sessile, concave near the base, cuneate-obovate, slightly emarginate. Carpels 2-5, usually with a very short stalk. Style 1-1.5 mm long, very slender.
Fl. Per.: June-July.
Type: Altai, named 'changimatrovia' On Willdenow's handwriting, B.
A-7 Chitral: Zapotili, c. 3500 m, 23.6.1950, P. Wendelbo s.n. (RAW), B-7 Hazara: Nila Kaghan, 21.7.1897, Inayat s.n. (RAW), near Saiful maluk, Ch. Shaukat Ali 51 (RAW), Kagan, July 1954, Ch. Shaukat Ali s.n. (RAW), Kashmir: B-8 below Kun Pathar, Masjid Gali, ± 10,000', R. R. & I.D. Stewart 18522 (RAW), Burzil, 11,000', W. Koelz 9389 (RAW), Kamri Pass, R.R. & I.D. Stewart 22715a (RAW). B-9 Baltistan: above Chogolisa glacier, 14,000', E. Nasir & C.L. Webster 6240 (RAW).
Distribution: Altai, Pamir, Tien Shan, W. China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir.
As was pointed out by Tamura and Lauener (1968, p.266) most authors have not been aware of the fact that the combination Paraquilegia anemonoides (Willd.) Ulbr. was published by Ulbrich already in 1922 (op.cit.) and therefore it antedates Shipchinskii’s homonym based on Karelin and Kiriloff’s Isopyrum anemonoides. Paraquilegia anemonoides is a plant of high mountainous areas from Altai, Pamir & Tien-Shan, along the Chinese border in Soviet C. Asia to W. China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir & N. India.