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Pakistan | Family List | Ranunculaceae | Thalictrum

11. Thalictrum minus L., Sp. Pl. 546. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 1:8. 1767, Hook.f. & Thoms. in Hook.f., fl. Brit. ind. 1:14. 1872, Aitch. & Hemsl. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 28:30. 1881, Lecoyer in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 24:199. 1885, Blatter & Fernandez in .1. Bomb. Nat. Dist. Soc. 36 (1-2):668. 1933, Nevskii in Komarov, Fl. URSS. 7:524. 1937, Tamura in Kitamura, Fl. Afghan. 131. 1960, Davis, Coode & Cullen in Davis, Fl. Turk. 1:202. 1965, Stewart, Ann. Catalogue Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 276. 1972.


Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.


National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Perennial, 30-150 cm high, stem glabrous, rarely glandular, branching from the middle or above, usually striate. Leaves broadly ovate to ovate-triangular in outline, petiolate or subsessile, 3-4-ternate or pinnate, leaflets broadly ovate or suborbicular, stalked, 10-35 x 5-30 mm, subcordate, rounded or tru ncate at base, lobed in the upper half, lobes sometimes crenate or subdentate, dark green on the upper surface, pale-green on the lower surface, almost glabrous. Inflorescence a dense or lax, partly leafy panicle with long branches. Bracts ternate with ovate leaflets or entire, linear. Pedicel length very variable, average 10-30 mm. Flowers greenish or yellowish, pendant, later erect. Sepals 4, very small, elliptic. Filaments whitish, longer than anthers, anthers yellow, distinctly mucronate, tips straight or ± inflexed. Carpels 3-15, erect at maturity, sessile, slightly compressed or not, broadly ovoid or oblong-ovoid, ribs scarcely prominent. Style distinctly shorter than the achenes.

Lectotype: Described from Europe, Hb. Linn. 713/12. (IDC Micro Edition, Card. 365: 6. Gotlandix).

An extremely widespread and variable plant, It is taxonomically difficult to elucidate the different subspecific taxa. Distributed in most parts of Europe and Asia except arctic and tropical areas.

Lower Taxon

Related Synonym(s):


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