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Pakistan | Family List | Capparidaceae | Cleome

Cleome viscosa L., Sp. P1. 672. 1753. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 170. 1872; Pax and Hoffm., l.c. 213; Elffers et al l.c. 10; Hedge & Lamond l.c. 29.

  • Cleome icosandra L.
  • Polanisia icosandra (L.) Wight & Arn.
  • Polanisia viscosa (L.) DC.

    Usually tall annual herb, up to a meter high, more or less hairy with glandular and eglandular hairs. Leaves 3-5-foliolate, petiolate; leaflets obovate, elliptic-oblong, very variable in size, often 2-4 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm broad, middle one largest; petiole up to 5 cm long. Racemes elongated, up to 30 cm long, with corym┬Čbose flowers at the top and elongated mature fruits below, bracteate. Flowers 10-15 mm across, whitish or yellowish; pedicels 6-20 mm long; bracts foliaceous. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, 3-4 (-6) mm long, 1-2 mm wide, glandular-pubescent. Petals 8-15 mm long, 2-4 mm broad, oblong-obovate. Stamens 10-12 (rarely more, up to 20), not exceeding the petals; gynophore absent. Fruit 30-75 mm long, 3-5 mm broad, linear-oblong, erect, obliquely striated, tapering at both ends, glandular-pubescent, slender; style 2-5 mm long; seeds many, 1-1.4 mm in diam., glabrous with longitudinal striations and transverse ridges, dark brown.

    Type: Ceylon, Herb. Hermann 241 (BM, LINN).

    Distribution: Almost throughout the tropical regions of the world.


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