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Pakistan | Family List | Pakistan V. 209 | Crassulaceae | Bryophyllum

Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken in Allg. Naturgesh. 3, 3:. 1966. 1841; Berger in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 18a: 410. 1930; Grierson & D. G. Long, Fl. Bhutan 1(3):473.1987; Fu Kunjun & M. G. Gilbert in Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven, Fl. China 8: 204. 2001.

  • Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb.
  • Cotyledon pinnata Lam.
  • Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.

    Succulent, glabrous herb. Stem 0.3-2 m high, branched, erect or ascending, stout, somewhat woody at base. Leaves simple or 3-5 foliate, decussate, imparipinnate, succulent, leaves or leaflets 5-20 x 2.5-12 cm, ovate, ovate-oblong, apex obtuse, base rounded, margin crenate, petiole 2-10 cm long. Inflorescence axillary panicles. Flowers pendulous, large, bisexual, 4-merous, pedicel 10-25 mm long. Calyx glabrous, green with red or red-violet stripes, lobes triangular, acute, 2.1-3 x 0.6-1.2 cm. Corolla lobes glabrous, red or purple, constricted in the lower third, exserted from calyx mouth, acute, 3.4-5.4 x 0.4-0.7 cm. Stamens 8, in two whorls, filaments inserted in lower quarter of corolla , exserted, 2-4.5 mm long. Carpels 6-12 mm long, connate at the base, styles 2-3.5 cm long, numerous ovules per locule. Nectar scale subquadrate, obtuse or emarginate at the apex, 1.5-2.6 x 1-1.8 mm. Follicles 10-14 mm long, enclosed in the persistent papery calyx. Seeds numerous per fruit, obovoid, obtuse at the apex 0.8-1.2 x 0.2-0.35 mm.

    Fl.Per.: February-May.

    Holotype: Mauritius, Sonnerat s.n. (P); Photo (K!).

    Distribution: Native to Tropical Africa, cultivated or naturalized elsewhere.


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