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Pakistan | Family List | Rosaceae | Duchesnea

Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 3: 33. 1888. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 343-344. 1878, H. Hara, S. Kurosawa in J. Jap. Bot. 34: 161-166. 1959, Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 77-78. 1969, Kom., Fl. USSR 10 (Engl. transl.): 51-52. 1971, R.R. Stewart, Ann. Catalogue Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. Kashm. 351. 1972, L. Chaoluan, H. Ikeda & H. Ohba in Wu Zhengyi and P.H. Raven, Flora of China 9: 295-296. 2003, Wu Zhengyi, P. H. Raven & H. Deyuan, Fl. China 9: 137. 2004, N.N. Tzvelev, Fl. of Russia, Europ. part bordering reg. X B, Magnoliophyta, Magnoliopsida: 517. 2008. (Fig. 1).

Sven Landrein , Renata Borosova and Joanna Osborne

  • Duchesnea fragiformis Sm.
  • Fragaria indica Andrews
  • Fragaria malayana Roxb.
  • Fragaria nilagirica Zenk.
  • Fragaria roxburghii Wight et Arn.
  • Potentilla denticulosa Ser. et
  • Potentilla durandii Torr. & A. Gray
  • Potentilla indica (Andrews) T. Wolf
  • Potentilla trifida Lehm.

    Perennial herbs, spreading, villous, stolons 25-90 cm long. Leaves trifoliolate, hairy on both surfaces, sometimes adaxially glabrous, leaflets obovate to rhombic-oblong, 1-4 x 0.7-2 cm, lateral leaflets slightly smaller than terminal, margins coarsely serrate. Petioles and pedicels spreading hairy. Stipules lanceolate 3-9 mm. Flowers 1.2-2 cm in diam., on pedicels up to 10 cm long. Sepals ovate with acute apex, hairy. Epicalyx segments obovate, hairy, broader than sepals, as long as or sometimes longer than sepals, apex 3-5 lobed. Petals oblong to obovate, as long as to slightly longer than sepals, yellow. Stamens 20-25. Stylodia lateral, narrow-cylindrical. Carpels free, numerous. Fruit multiple, drupetum, fleshy, red, 0.7-1.5 cm in diameter. Achenes red, prominent, shining, ovoid, c. 1.5 mm, glabrous, not rugose, but pitted.

    Fl. Per.: March– October.

    Lectotype: Plate of Andrews drawn from cultivated plant in botanical garden, Calcutta. No specimen preserved.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral, Dir, N. Punjab), Kashmir, Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Nepal, naturalized in Africa, Europe and North America.


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