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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Phaseolus

Phaseolus lunatus Linn., Sp.Pl. 724. 1753. Baker in Hook.f., Fl.Brit.Ind.2:200.1876; Cooke, Fl.Bomb.Pres. (reprint ed.) 1:203.1958; Verdc. in Milne-Redhead & Polhill, Fl. Trop.E.Afr. (Leguminosae 4) 615.1971.

Vern.: Lobia.

Perennial climber, stem glabrous or pubescent. Leaf trifoliolate, petiole 1.5-19 cm long; leaflets 3-15 cm long, 1.2-10 cm broad, the lateral leaflets oblique, ovate to lanceolate or narrowly rhombic; acuminate, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; petiolules 3-5 mm long; stipules 2-3.5 mm long. Inflorescence a peduncled raceme; peduncle 1.5-30 cm long. Bracts 1.5 mm long, bracteoles 1.5-2.0 mm long. Pedicel 5-10 mm long. Calyx pubescent, tube 1.5-2.5 mm long, teeth 5-8 mm long, upper 2 joined to form an emarginate lip. Corolla white, yellowish or pale rose. Vexillum 5-7 mm long, sparsely pubescent or glabrous externally. Keel 10-14 mm long, spirally twisted for 1½ turns. Fruit 5-10.5 cm long, 1.2-2.5 cm broad, oblong-falcate or oblong, 3-4-seeded, glabrous or pubescent.

Type: Bengal; Phaseolus benghalensis scandens .. striato of Bergen, Cat. Strip. Hort. Acad. Viadr. compl.: 99.1744.

Distribution: Native of Tropical America, now widely cultivated throughout the tropics of the world including Pakistan.

Lima bean is cultivated as a vegetable.


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