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Pakistan | Family List | Mimosaceae | Pithecellobium

Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook. Lond J.Bot. 3:199. 1844. Baker in Hook.f.,Fl. Brit. Ind.2:302.1878; Parker, For.Fl.Punj.ed.3.202. 1956.

Vern. Jangal Jalebi.

  • Inga dulcis Wind.
  • Mimosa dulcis Roxb.

    A medium sized, evergreen tree. Leaf stipulate, stipules modified into spine; rachis 1-2.5 cm long, pinnae 1 pair, leaflets two on each pinna, elliptic-oblong, oblique, 2-4.5 cm long. Inflorescence small globose, sessile or short peduncled heads arranged in long panicled raceme. Flowers greenish white. Calyx c.1 mm long, funnel shaped, pilose. Corolla c. 3-4 mm long, petals united below the middle. Stamens monadelphous, much exserted, not glandular. Style filiform, stigma simple. Pods 10-12.5 cm long, c. 2-3 mm broad, turgid, twisted, sutures indented between the seeds. Seeds 5-9, enveloped in pink or white pulpy aril which is edible. Seed c. 2.5 cm long, spiny, black.

    Fl. Per. October-April.

    Holotype: India Coromandel, cultivated, Roxburgh in Wallich 5582 D. (K) and painting of type material No. 488!).

    Distribution: It is a native of Mexico, introduced in India and Pakistan, widely cultivated in Punjab and Sind.

    The fleshy pulp of the fruit is eaten. The wood is used for fuel.


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