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Pakistan | Family List | Burseraceae | Garuga

Garuga pinnata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3:5.t.208. 1811. Bennett, l.c.; Cooke l.c.; Dalz. & Gibs. l.c.

Vern.: “Kharpat”.

A tree up to 15 m tall, young shoots pubescent. Leaves exstipulate, alternate, 15-45 cm long, imparipinnately compound with 5-10 pairs of leaflets; leaflets opposite, subsessile, up to 10 cm long, 4 cm broad, oblong-lanceolate, crenate, oblique, acuminate, usually tomentose, at least when young. Flowers in much branched panicles crowded towards the end of the shoots, bisexual or unisexual, shortly pedicellate, yellow, tomentose. Bracts deciduous. Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed valvate, tomentose outside, c.6 mm long with narrow ovate teeth. Petals 5, inserted on the hypanthium beneath the margin of the disc, valvate, tomentose outside, linear-oblong, c.8 mm long. Disc crenate, thin, lining the tube of the calyx. Filaments dilated at the base, slightly hairy, anthers dorsifixed. Ovary ovoid, hairy; style hairy. Fruit l.2-1.8 cm in diameter, black with generally 2 pyrenes. Seed with a membranous covering.

Fl.Per. April-May.

Distribution: Native of India, E. Pakistan, Malaya and Philippines. Introduced and cultivated in Lahore.

The drupe is eaten raw, pickled or cooked, and the young shoots and leaves are said to be used as fodder (Cooke, l.c.).


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