All Floras      Advanced Search
Page 85 Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Sapium

Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 693. 1832. Muell. Arg. in Linnaea 32: 121. 1863; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 470. 1887; Pax in Engl., Pflanzenreich 4. 147. 5: 237. 1912; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 458. 1918; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 456. 1972.


  • Croton sebiferus L.
  • Excoecaria sebifera (L.) Muell. Arg.
  • Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

    A small deciduous tree to 6 m. Stem often crooked and gnarled. Twigs slender. Petioles 2-6 cm long, with 2 sessile disc-shaped glands at the apex. Leaf-blades broadly rhombic-ovate, 2-7.5 x 1.5-7 cm, abruptly acutely acuminate, broadly cuneate to rounded.subtruncate at the base, entire, lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, glaucous beneath. Stipules 1-2 mm long, obtuse. Racemes terminal, 4-10 cm long, dense-flowered; ♂ bracts triangular,1.5 mm long, 10-15-flowered, basal glands discoid; bracteoles smaller; ♀ bracts narrowly lanceolate, 2 mm long, 1-flowered; basal glands as in the ♂; bracteoles 1.5 mm long. Male flowers: pedicels 2 mm. long; calys cupular, 1 mm. across, unequally 4-lobed, yellow; stamens 2, filaments short, anthers 1 mm. diam., slightly exserted. Female flowers: pedicels 2-3 mm long, extending to 5-8 mm in fruit; calyx 3-lobed, the lobes ± ovate, 1-1.5 mm long, acute; ovary 1.5 mm diam., tapering into the stylar column; styles 5-7 mm long, stigmas recoiled. Fruit trilobate, 9 x 11 mm, apiculate, shallowly 6-ridged, smooth, black; upon dehiscence, the valves split away leaving the seeds attached to the columella which itself splits into 3. Seeds ovoid, 7 x 6 x 5 mm, smooth, with a white waxy exotesta surrounding a hard black endotesta.

    Fl. Per.: May-Oct.; Fr. Per.: June-Oct.

    Holotype: China, Osbeck in Hb. Lin. No. 1140.9 (LINN!).

    Distribution: China, Taiwan, Japan. Cultivated and escaping from cultivation in many tropical countries. Prefers riverside habitats; up to 4000'/1220 m.

    The ‘Chinese Tallow Tree’, The wax around the seeds is used for making candles in China. Cultivated in Pakistan for its pale yellow to deep red autumn tints.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |