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Pakistan | Family List | Anacardiaceae | Mangifera

Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753. J. L. Stewart & Brandis, l.c.; Brandis, l.c.; Talbot, l.c.; R.R. Stewart, l.c. 458.

Vern.: ‘Aam’.


A glabrous tree up to 15 m tall. Leaves 11-24 x 4-8 cm, oblong, lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous, shiny and dark green on upper surface. Flowering panicles erect, conspicuous, longer than the leaves, pubescent. Calyx lobes ovate, pubescent on the outside. Petals imbricate, oblong, inner surface prominently 3-nerved. Drupe ± ovoid in outline, compressed, 3.5-20 cm long. Mesocarp fleshy. Endocarp (stone) hard and fibrous.

Fl. Per.: March-April.

Type: Hb. Linn 276.1 (LINN).

Distribution: Widely cultivated in the tropics.

The ‘mango’ is a native of Burma, Sikkim, Khasia and the W. Ghats (India). Widely cultivated in the Punjab and Sind for its edible and tasty grafted varieties.


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