Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753. J. L. Stewart & Brandis, l.c.; Brandis, l.c.; Talbot, l.c.; R.R. Stewart, l.c. 458.
YASIN J. NASIR
A glabrous tree up to 15 m tall. Leaves 11-24 x 4-8 cm, oblong, lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous, shiny and dark green on upper surface. Flowering panicles erect, conspicuous, longer than the leaves, pubescent. Calyx lobes ovate, pubescent on the outside. Petals imbricate, oblong, inner surface prominently 3-nerved. Drupe ± ovoid in outline, compressed, 3.5-20 cm long. Mesocarp fleshy. Endocarp (stone) hard and fibrous.
Fl. Per.: March-April.
Type: Hb. Linn 276.1 (LINN).
Distribution: Widely cultivated in the tropics.
The ‘mango’ is a native of Burma, Sikkim, Khasia and the W. Ghats (India). Widely cultivated in the Punjab and Sind for its edible and tasty grafted varieties.