M. QAISER AND S. NAZIMUDDIN
Ziziphus jujuba* Lam.
Tree, 9-15 m or large shrub, branches spreading and drooping, young branches softly tomentose, longer stipular spine, c. 5-7 mm long, sometime without spines. Leaves ovate, oblong, elliptic-ovate, or sub-orbicular, 2-9 cm x 1.5-5 cm, slightly oblique at base, obtuse, rounded shortly acuminate at apex, rounded or sub-cordate or entire, serrate, glabrous and dark green above, greyish pale-coloured and densely tomentose beneath; petiole 8-15 mm long, tomentose. Inflorescence axillary cymes, tomentose. Flowers 2-3 mm across, greenish yellow. Calyx 5, hairy out-side, glabrous within, c. 1.5 mm long, ovate, acute, keeled within. Petals 5, spoon like or clawed, reflexed, c.1 mm long. Stamens 5, smaller than the petals. Ovary 2-celled, styles bifid. Disc 10-lobed or grooved; fruit 1.5-3.5 x 1.5-2.5 cm, globose to ovoid, bilocular; pyrene tubercled and irregularly furrowed.
Distribution: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Ceylon, China, Australia, Trop. Africa.