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Pakistan | Family List | Combretaceae | Terminalia

Terminalia catappa Linn., Syst. Nat.ed. l2.2:674. 1767. Brandis, l.c. 307; Clarke in Hook.f.,l.c. 444; Cooke, l.c. 511; R.R.Stewart, l.c.

Vern: Jangli Badam.

  • Myrobalanus catappa (L.) Kuntze
  • Terminalia badamia Tul.
  • Terminalia mauritiana Lam.
  • Terminalia moluccana Lam.
  • Terminalia myrobalana Roth

    A large deciduous tree, up to 35 m tall with brownish dotted bark. Young branches rusty pubescent becoming glabrous with age. Leaves crowded at the end of branches in spiral form, glabrous and shining above, velvety hairy below, obovate, shortly acuminate or mucronate with a cordate base, 5.5-35 x 5-18 cm, petiole densly hairy, 5-15 mm long with 2 glands on either side at the apex. Spikes axillary, 6-16 cm long with hairy rachis. Upper flowers of the spike male, lower bisexual, whitish yellow; bract c. 1 mm long, caducous. hypanthium 3-7 mm long scarious or glabrous, calyx lobes triangular, 1-2 mm long, glabrous. Stamens 2-2.5 mm ong, situated on the calyx. Style elongated, up to 2 mm long. Discbarbate. Drupe ovoid, glabrous more or less laterally compressed, wings almost obscure, 3.5 x 2-5.5 cm.

    Fl. Per.: June-September.

    Type: Described from tropical Asia.

    Distribution: Tropical Asia, N.Australia and Polynesia, cultivated in Pakistan.

    Planted as a shade tree, the bark contains tannin which is used as astringent and for colouring leather. Fruit is edible.


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