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Pakistan | Family List | Apocynaceae | Carissa

1. Carissa carandas Linn., Mant. 1.52. 1767. DC., l.c.; Brandis, For. Fl. 320. 1874; Hook. f., l.c.; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. Haz. & Delhi ed. 2:331. 1921; Bailey, l.c.; R. R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vas. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 564. 1972.

Vern: Gerna, Kakronda, Karanda.


  • Carissa congesta Wight

    Branches dichotomous, spreading, glabrous, spines 2-2.5 cm long, stout, mostly straight, sometimes bifurcate. Leaves broadly ovate, 4-8 x 2-3.5 cm, sub-coriaceous, young leaves with pink midribs, margin smooth, base rounded or retuse, apex emarginate. Flowers white, often tinged with pink, c. 2 cm across, bracts subulate, hairy, peduncle pink, c. 1.2-2 cm long. Calyx c. 5 mm long, pubescent, lobes linear. Corolla tube cylindrical, glabrous, swollen and pubescent near the top, 1.5-2 cm long, lobes white tinged with pink, overlapping to the right in bud, lanceolate, acute. Ovary glabrous with 4 ovules in each cell. Fruit 1.25-2.5 cm long, globose, ovoid or ellipsoid berry, when ripe white with red shade then purplish black, having milky juice, 4-8 seeded.

    Fl. Per.: March-May.

    Type: Rumphins, Herb. Amb. 7, t. 25, 1755.

    Distribution: Cultivated throughout India, Ceylon, Burma, Malacca, Pakistan. Possibly native in S.E. Asia.

    Fruit edible, also extensively grown as a hedge plant.


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