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Pakistan | Family List | Apocynaceae | Ichnocarpus

Ichnocarpus frutescens (Linn.) R. Br. in Mem. Wern. Soc. 1: 62. 1809. DC., Prodr. 8:435. 1844; Hook. f., l.c.; Parker, l.c.: R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vas. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 564. 1972.

Vern.: Bakkar bel.


  • Apocynum frutescens Linn.
  • Echites frutescens (Linn .) Roxb.

    Fver-green woody twiners, branches glabrous or rust; tomentose when young, with milky latex. Leaves elliptic oblong or lanceolate, acute or acuminate, base rounded or acute, 4-10 x 1.5-5 cm, glabrous and dark green above, softly tomentose specially on the midrib, and paler beneath 4-5 pairs of lateral nerves, petiole 2.5-5 mm long, puberulous. Peduncle and pedicel hairy, bracts minute. Flowers c.l cm across. Calyx lobes ovate. obtuse. or subacute. tomentose c. 1 mm long. Corolla tube c. 2.5 mm long, much thickened at the mouth, lobes 1.5 mm long, glabrous mouth of the corolla tube and margin of the lobes with long hairs; lobes of disc erect, slender, capitate, longer than ovary. Ovary subinferior; style short, stigma thick and beaked. Follicle solitary or pairred, 10-15 x 0.5 cm, straight or curved, rusty pubescent when young. Seeds very slender, 1-2 cm long, coma long equalling the seeds

    Fl. Per. August-December.

    Type: Herbarium Hermann Vol. 3, page 29. (BM).

    Distribution: Indo-Malya, Australia, Sub Himalayan tract, Ravi Eastward, upper Gangetic plain to Bengal and Kashmir.


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