S. NAZIMUDDIN AND M. QAISER
Vallaris heynei Sprengel
Bark smooth, yellowish-white covered with grey lenticlse; stem with milky latex. Leaves 5-12 x 2.5 cm, elliptic oblong lanceolate, acute or acuminate, cuneate at the base, glabrous; petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Infloresence axillary of 3-many flowered lax cyme; peduncle short, glabrous or pubescent. Flower white, fragrant, c. 1.5 cm across, bracts linear, or lanceolate, acute, pubescent. Pedicel slender, pubescent, upto to 1 cm, mostly recurved. Calyx pubescent tube short, lobes c. 2.5 mm long, acuminate or acute. Corolla-tube narrow, cylinderical, 4-5 mm long, hairy within, pubescent outside, lobes orbicular or obovate, obtuse, 6-8 x 6-10 mm. Stamens included, inserted at the mouth of the tube, anther united to form a sharp cone-like structure, c. 2 mm long, connective horse-shoe shaped. Disc lobes ciliate, ovary hairy, stigma subulate. Fruit somewhat beaked, 10-15 x 3-5 cm.
Fl. Per.: December-April.
Type: Discribed from Cochin China.
Distribution: Native in India, Burma, Ceylon and Kashmir commonly cultivated in the plains in Pakistan.
The bark is chewed for fixing teeth. The latex is of medicinal importance and is applied in sores and wounds.