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Pakistan | Family List | Apocynaceae | Wrightia

3. Wrightia tomentosa Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4:414. 1819. DC., Prodr. l.c. 404; Cooke, l.c. 137; Hook f. l.c. 653; Talbot. l.c. 222; Parker, l.c. 334; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W.Pak. & Kashm. 566. 1972.

Vern. Khalawa.


  • Nerium tomentosum Roxb.

    A small tree, branches tomentose when young, glabrous-puberulous when mature. Leaves 7.5-15 x 3-7 cm, elliptic obovate, acuminate, base acute or rounded, tomentose on both surrfaces, margin thickly undulate, 8-14 pairs of lateral nerves, petiole 2.5-5 mm long, with glands in the axil. Flowers white turning yellow, c. 2.5 cm across, with unpleasant odour; pedicel tomentose, c.6 mm long; bracts ovate-lanceolate, acute, tomentose, c. 2.5 mm long. Calyx tomentose; lobes short rounded, tomentose c. 2.5 mm long, glandular within. Corolla-tube about twice as long as the calyx, cylindrical, lobes linear or obovate-oblong, rounded or obtuse, thick and brittle; corona scales variable 5-10, orange in colour, laciniate, united to form a cup at the base. Anthers white. Fruit 15-18 x 1.25 cm, cylindric, pendulous, grooved at the union of the carpels, beaked, striate with white dots all over. Seeds slender, beaked, 1.25 mm long, coma twice or more as long as the seed, white, deciduous.

    Fl.Per.: May-June.

    Type: “Described from Eastern parts of India.”(E).

    Distribution: Sub-Himalayan tracts, from Indus eastward to China and South-ward to Ceylon, Burma and Penang. Cultivated in Pakistan.


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