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Pakistan | Family List | Asclepiadaceae | Oxystelma

Oxystelma esculentum (Linn. f.) R. Brown in Mem. Wern. Soc. 1:40. 1810. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4:17. 1883; Cooke, l.c., Huber l.c.

Vern Dudhani.


  • Peripoloca esculenta Linn.f.
  • Sarcostemma esculentum (Linn. f.) Holm

    Perennial twining herb, with milky juice, stem much branched slender, glabrous. Leaves deciduous, 3.8-8.8 cm x 3-9 mm linear or linear lanceolate, acute, pale green, glabrous, petiole 0.5-1.3 cm long. Flowers in pendunculate lateral subumbellate or recemoid 2-4 flowered cymes. Peduncle up to 5 cm long. Pedicels 1.2-2.0 cm long. Calyx lobes 2-3.5 mm long, glabrous. Corolla 1.8-2.5 cm wide, pale rose coloured or almost white, lobes densely pubescent. Follicles 3.8-7 cm long, glabrous. Seeds c. 3.5 mm long, broadly ovate, coma c. 1.8 cm long.

    Fl.Per.: December.

    Type: Koenig in Herb. Linn. 307/7 (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan, India, Burma, Indonesia, Ceylon, Iraq and Egypt.

    The fruit is eaten and the plant is reputed to have medicinal properties.


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